Photos of Lebanon

History of Lebanon – Historical Landmarks, Facts, and Information

History of Lebanon - Historical Landmarks, Facts, and Information

A brief History of Lebanon

Nestled in the eastern Mediterranean, Lebanon stands out as a land of timeless history. It is an area where Europe, Asia and Africa come together – all intertwined by centuries worth of legacies left behind by civilizations that once owned this Middle Eastern country. The seafaring Phoenicians are credited with being its first inhabitants sometime around 1500 BC; they were known for their maritime capabilities and established numerous settlements along the coast including Tyre & Sidon. Subsequent empires such as Persians, Greeks & Romans followed after which gave it name ‘Phoenicia’ before becoming part of Rome’s dominion during antiquity times.

Lebanon’s history spans many centuries, marked by conquest and transformation. In the 7th century AD it was conquered by Arab Muslims who brought with them Islam; various Arabic dynasties subsequently reigned over Lebanon for hundreds of years up to the 19th century when it came under Ottoman control. This period saw a vast development in trade and culture within its cities as well as economic growth which laid foundation for independence at end of WWI from League of Nations. Although during subsequent decades there were struggles due to political unrest, today Lebanon is an independent nation leading progress through industries such as tourism and banking that show potential despite lingering challenges resulting from domestic conflict past international wars nearby countries have endured or are enduring currently.

In the first half of the 20th century, Lebanon made strides towards independence from France and its impressive economic growth earned it a reputation as “the Switzerland of the Middle East.” Unfortunately, these accomplishments were later overshadowed by decades-long civil war that erupted in 1975. During this tumultuous period marked with sectarian violence, thousands perished while much infrastructure was destroyed. By 1990 however, lasting peace had been secured and rebuilding efforts began anew within Lebanon’s borders.

Following the end of Lebanon’s civil war, a new political system was formed from power-sharing between its various religious sects that has allowed for economic growth and stability since then. Yet in recent years terrorism and Syrian refugees escaping their country’s own conflict have posed considerable difficulties to this captivating land with myriad layers of culture deeply embedded into society over centuries. But despite these obstacles, Lebanon proudly continues on as an ever changing nation amidst tumultuous times.

Historic Places in Lebanon

Here is a list of historical places to visit in Lebanon:

Lebanon is a country of fascinating juxtapositions, both in its geography and culture. From the Mediterranean to Mount Lebanon, this land has long been an enthralling passageway for great ancient civilisations like Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans Arabs and Ottomans – allowing it to develop into a melting pot of vibrant cultural influences with lasting monuments across all faiths from Christianity through Judaism to Islam.

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